Nathaniel Turner was one of the founders of Lynn, MA. He was the grandfather of Mary Yale who married Jospeh Ives. We just reviewd his life. Now if a brief history of where he first lived in New England. The writer of this blog also lived there much later in the 1980s and is very familiar with the locations where Nathaniel lived and worked. I also had the pleaure of visiting King's Lynn in England. It is near Norfolk England where William Ives first lived.
From Lynn Town web site:
“Nearly 350 years ago, some settlers from nearby Salem wanted to find a less crowded area with greener pastures. They bargained with the Indians for some land known as Saugust, the place where the local Indian chiefs, the Sagamores, lived. This land originally included what are now the separate towns of Swampscott, Nahant, Saugus and Lynnfield. In 1630, that land was incorporated as the Town of Saugust, one year after it was founded.
When the first official minister, Samuel Whiting, arrived from King’s Lynn, England, the new settlers were so excited that they changed the name of their community to Lynn in 1637 in honor of him.”
Montowampate, was the chief or sagamore of Lynn when the first settlers arrived. He was born in 1609 and lived on Sagamore Hill, near the northern end of Long Beach. This was the favorite place of residence in the area. He had jurisdiction of Saugus, Naunikeag, and Masabequash; or Lynn, Salem, and Marblehead. He was called by the white people," James." In 1629 he married Wenuchus, a daughter of Passaconaway, the great powab, or priest of the nation, whose chief residence was at Penacook, now Concord, on the Merrimack River. On Sept. 4, 1633, Richard Hopkins, of Watertown, was arraigned for selling a gun and pistol, with powder and shot, to Montowampate. The sentence of the Court was that he should " be severely whipped, and branded with a hot iron on one of his cheeks. One of the Saugus tribe gave the information, on promise of concealment, for his discovery would have exposed him to the resentment of his tribe. There was suspicion that the Saugus tribe was conspiring the destruction of the Europeans, the neighboring sagamores were called before the Governor on the 14th of September. However, the readiness of their appearance with the Governor supported their friendly disposition.
In 1631 Wohohaquaham and Montowampate, the sagamores of Winisimet and Lynn, were defrauded of twenty beaver skins, by a man in England, named Watts, went to Governor Winthrop on March 26, to solicit his assistance in recovering their value. The Governor entertained them kindly, and gave them a letter of introduction to Emanuel Downing, Esq., an eminent lawyer in London. Lewis and Newall (1865) report that Montowampate went to England, where he was treated with much respect as a king; but, disliking the English delicacies, he hastened back to Lynn, to the enjoyment of his clams and succotash. Montowampte died in December 1633.
Poquanum, or Dark Skin, was the chief or sachem of Nahant. Wood, in his New England's Prospect, calls him Duke William; and it appears by depositions in Salem Court Records, that he was known by the familiar appellation of Black Will. In 1630 he sold Nahant to Thomas Dexter for a suit of clothes. He sold it several other times to different individuals and also gave it to the town for a sheep pasture. A fence of rails was put across the beach at Nahant to keep the wolves out as they did not climb. Poquanum was hanged in January 1633 by a group of settlers for the murder of a European, in 1631, who had mistreated the Saugus. Poquanum had nothing to do with this killing and had been a friend of the settlers.
The primary deed giving all of Lynn to the settlers was dated Sept. 4, 1686. Separate tracts had been purchased at different times before, and this was merely intended as a release or quit-claim of all the rights of the grantors in all the territory now constituting Lynn, Lynnfield, Nahant, Saugus, and Swampscott, and parts of Danvers, Reading and South Reading. At the time this deed was given, less than a third of the territory was occupied by the settlers; but there was the prospect that it would all come in use. The Saugus tribe had mostly retired, and it was important to the settlers that their title, if any existed, should be extinguished.
The small consideration named is some indication that it was not considered that the Saugus tribe had any very valuable remaining interest. Other value, however, may have been given. It was often the case that the consideration expressed in a deed was quite different from the real one, the custom of indulging in a little innocent deception being as prevalent. The settlers often wanted it to appear that the prices paid for lands were low, even when the old sagamores had succeeded in making good bargains. (Continued tomorrow)